Tuesday, February 3, 2015

Variant Combat Rules

Let’s get things straight right from the start: combat should never be the focus of a DWAITAS scenario. So when combat does happen, you want it to be fast and furious - or, depending on how you look at it, quick and dramatic. The goal of the following variant rules is to make combat scenes quicker to resolve, with fewer dice rolls involved, while maintaining genre emulation and fast-paced action as the main priorities of the system. And how do we achieve that, you ask?  Simple: by doing away with reaction rolls (which are only used during combats anyway) and replacing them with quicker resolution procedures, as detailed below. 

Fighting Combat

Forget about defensive reaction rolls. Melee combat should simply be resolved as a series of conflicts based on Coordination + Fighting. Since these rolls are made simultaneously, there is no need to compare each opponent’s Coordination to determine who goes first.

This roll represents an overall combination of offensive and defensive maneuvers. The one with the highest roll wins the conflict, with the result being interpreted as usual (i.e. the loser suffers an amount of damage based on his opponent’s Strength, weapon and degree of success), unless the winner was going for a special trick or maneuver (see below).

If the two rolls result in exactly the same total, the advantage goes to the player-character (incidentally, the basic conflict rules as they stand already integrate this, since “the Gamemaster uses the antagonist’s result as the Difficulty for the player’s rolls” and that a result of “0-3” above the Difficulty means success).

Characters have the option of fighting defensively, focusing on dodges, parries and other defensive actions rather than attacking their opponent; in this case, they gain a +2 bonus to their roll but will not inflict any damage if they beat their opponent. In this case, a simple Success result (“Yes But”) means that the character escapes from harm but will not be able to attack during the next round (i.e. he must continue to fight defensively), while a Fantastic result (“Yes And”) means that his swift defensive maneuvers put him in an advantageous position for next round, giving him a +2 bonus to his Fighting roll next round, whether he chooses to fight normally or defensively (in which case he receives a total bonus of +4), or allowing him to break away from melee and start running for his life.

Special maneuvers (like disarming etc.) can be handled by the Gamemaster on a case-by-case basis and should normally require a Good result to succeed – or even a Fantastic one for the most acrobatic or spectacular tricks. In most cases, attempting such a special maneuver should prevent the character from dealing the usual physical damage for his attack. If you use areas of expertise in your game, each specific trick or tactic (including defensive fighting) could be chosen as an area of expertise – or the Gamemaster could allow characters to develop a particular fighting style, granting the usual +2 bonus to a whole repertoire of maneuvers.

When a single character is facing multiple opponents in Fighting combat, simply make a single Fighting roll for the group, using the highest (Coordination + Fighting) total among its members (provided they do not have the same combat total to start with) and granting a +2 bonus for each extra attacker. Thus, a bunch of three guards with a Coordination of 3 and a Fighting skill of 3 will actually have a combat total of 10 when acting collectively. If the group wins the conflict, their opponent will only suffer a single injury, again corresponding to the deadliest damage total in the group. In other words, a single character heroically facing two or three opponents at the same time is far more likely to get hurt than if he was facing a single opponent, but if this does happen, he will not be hurt significantly more (which seems perfectly in keeping with the spirit of the game and its source material).

Marksman Combat

Marksman combat can also be made quicker and simpler with a few changes and adjustments here and there, using the same basic principles as for Fighting combat above. In this variant system, Marksman combat should be resolved using the same rules as Fighting combat above, with the following differences and adjustments:

Unlike Fighting combat, Marksman combat is not resolved as a direct conflict between opposed dice rolls but as a succession of separate dice rolls. Within a round of Marksman combat, shooters act in order of initiative, i.e. in decreasing order of their Coordination score. Ties can be broken by comparing the characters’ Awareness scores; if two shooters have the same scores in both Attributes, they are assumed to act simultaneously. Also note that the Quick Reflexes trait allows a character to always act first, regardless of his actual Coordination score.

Hitting a target requires a (Coordination + Marksman) roll. As for all other standard actions, the Difficulty of this roll is set by the Gamemaster, taking into account factors such as distance, terrain, visibility and cover - simply use the same modifiers as in the standard rules, adding them to the Difficulty instead of subtracting them to the shooter’s skill roll. Thus, if the target is under cover, the shooter’s skill roll will suffer a Difficulty increase of +2, +4 or even +10, depending on the amount of cover available.

Characters involved in Marksman combat (or trying to run away from shooters) can also attempt to make themselves harder to hit by using evasion. This does not require any roll but allows the character to add his Coordination score to the Difficulty of all Marksman rolls made against him. Evasion counts as an extra action, meaning that any Marksman roll made by the character during the same round suffers a -2 penalty.

The rules on special maneuvers and multiple opponents given above can also be applied to Marksman combat to handle trick shots and concentrated fire by multiple shooters – keeping in mind that the main goal of this system has nothing to do with ‘tactical realism’ and everything to do with fast-paced drama and genre emulation.

A Note on Psychic Combat

Some forms of psychic conflict can also be viewed as a form of combat. Most situations (like Possession attempts, for instance) will involve a psychically active ‘attacker’ and a resisting defender. In such cases, each character will make his own roll, according to the usual rules: as far as such powers are concerned, defining the defender’s roll as a ‘reaction’ or as an ‘action’ really has no consequence in game terms. If the defending character is attempting another action while resisting to the psychic attack, this other action should incur the usual -2 penalty. Lastly, note that the variant system detailed for Fighting combat above could also be adapted to psychic battles and other “clash of wills” between characters endowed with mental powers.

Story Points in Combat

Since these rules no long require the use of “reaction rolls”, my variant rules on the use of Story points in conflicts (as detailed in some previous entries and compiled in the current-and-soon-to-be-revised version of the Temporal Toybox) become significantly simpler: since reaction rolls per se no longer exist, it is no longer necessary to make a distinction between “competitions” and “oppositions”.

Shifting the Scales: In all conflict situations, each character involved in the conflict is allowed to spend one or several Story points after the roll once for each character, period. In the case of Fighting combat, spending Story points after the roll can revert the outcome of a conflict, i.e. turn a failure into a “Yes but…” success (but not into a Good or Fantastic result), according to the usual rules. Using the variant rules detailed above, this means that a single, well-spent Story point can prevent you from being injured AND allow you to injure your opponent.

Escaping from Harm: In addition, a character should always be able to reduce the damage of an attack he has just suffered at the cost of 1 Story point for each degree of success. This applies even if the character was completely unaware of the attack (the infamous “sniper situation”), if he didn’t have any defensive roll to make (as in the case of Marksman combat) or if he has already spent Story points to affect his conflict roll (in the case of Fighting combat).

Example: The Doctor is fighting a fencing duel against a renowned swordsman. En garde! The first round is resolved as a direct conflict of Coordination + Fighting. This conflict is won by the swordsman, who gets a Good result, but the Doctor’s player spends 2 Story points, turning this into a simple Success for the Doctor – enough to avoid all damage AND injure the swordsman. But wait!  The swordsman has some Story points, too – and the Gamemaster decides to spend 1 point to shift the result from a simple Success for the Doctor to a simple Success for the NPC. At this stage, the Doctor’s player cannot spend further Story points to shift the scales once more, since every character involved in the conflict roll has already spent Story points… but he can still spend 1 Story point to escape from harm and ignore the damage from the swordsman’s attack (“It’s just a flesh wound!”), without changing the outcome of the conflict roll (i.e. the swordsman does not suffer any damage).

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